No matter what vehicle you drive, safety is the most important factor. Driving on public roads with vehicles such as four-wheeled vehicles requires its own anticipation and preparation more than driving with motorbikes and the like. Even if a four-wheeled vehicle has received regular maintenance, so that it has a good engine, tires and braking system, it does not mean that we have prepared enough to avoid threats on the highway.
Danger can always lurk anywhere, especially when we are driving a vehicle that in fact requires driving focus and vigilance, even the slightest mistake can endanger the safety of ourselves and other road users. So, here are some tips for driving a car safely, taken from several sources that will help increase your alertness and safety when driving:
Tips for Safe Driving on the Highway
- Always check your car regularly and regularly, especially when you are going to travel. Checking brake fluid, air pressure in tires, checking indicator lights, inspecting the underside of the vehicle for oil leaks and so on. The point is to make sure the condition of your car is prime enough to walk or travel.
- Don’t carry too much weight. Driving a four-wheeled vehicle with an excessive load is certainly not good, besides disturbing the balance it will also waste fuel, for that you should move various kinds of items that are less important from your vehicle. Well, if there are a lot of items or objects that you have to carry, then rent a car carrier to carry your goods for comfort and safety when driving.
- Be sure to use safety equipment when driving such as seat belts or safety bells. Use a seat belt (safety belt) properly and correctly, namely by crossing it from the shoulder blade to the hip, so that your body weight can be properly maintained in the event of a sudden collision or shock. Everyone does not want a threat like an accident, but when this threat or accident is unavoidable, the safety bell can protect your body from a very dangerous impact. And make sure other devices that are needed resemble the inside and outside car mirrors so that you can see freely the various positions of the car’s body and its surroundings freely. For invisible parts, try to turn your head as if you need to change lanes or turn around.
- It is advisable to hold the steering wheel according to the procedure, which is ideally in the hand grip position at 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock and use your fingers when necessary to turn on the turn lights or wipers. Find a good and comfortable driving position. Adjust the seat so that you can rest your wrists on the steering wheel with your arms outstretched. You may need to adjust the incline of the seatback to find the ideal position that is really comfortable and not tiring. Adjust the headrest so that it fits behind your head but doesn’t touch your head. Hold the steering wheel with both hands parallel to the clockwise number nine (left hand) and number three (right hand), so that you can turn the steering wheel to the left or right quickly and precisely. If you are not comfortable, you can determine the position of the hands of the numbers 10 and 2.
- Focus on driving a car, eliminating various thoughts that interfere with your concentration driving. Various disturbing activities also need to be abandoned such as smoking, or even making phone calls, if it is indeed necessary to do so, you should first step aside or use handsfree for easy telephone communication.
- Keep a safe distance, both on the left and right sides, as well as in front of other vehicles to avoid sudden situations, because with the large space / distance you will anticipate. Go with the flow of traffic. Set the same speed as the vehicles around you whenever possible. The large difference between your speed and that of other vehicles can be a safety hazard. Careful. Watch the traffic. Look far ahead and notice any problems before you get to that area.
- Don’t stay on the far right. The right lane to overtake, not the fast lane, especially if your speed is below 80 km / h. This is the reason why many drivers are desperate to overtake from the leftmost lane. So don’t blame first those who may be in a hurry but there are “stubborn” drivers who are not willing to give way on the far right lane. Stay on the left lane, unless you are going to overtake. Don’t block speeding drivers. Give a signal when you will change lanes, as well as when you will turn.
- Wait before turning right. If you stop on a busy street while waiting to turn right, leave the steering wheel in a straight line until it’s your turn. If you wait with the steering position to the right and you are hit from behind, the car can be pushed towards the vehicle from the front. If you are on the left lane on a wide toll road, you can help vehicles that will enter the toll road from the left safely and smoothly by changing lanes briefly, of course if the situation allows.
- Even if your car already supports environmentally friendly technology, do the transmission gear shift at 2,000 rpm to 2,500 rpm. Because gasoline-fueled engines generally only work optimally in the rotating range of 2,000 – 2,500 rpm
- Use the brakes at the right time. Reduce speed before entering the corner. Braking when you are in the middle of a corner can reduce the balance of the vehicle. Similarly, lower the transmission gear before entering the corner. Try the vehicle’s anti-lock brake (ABS) system first. If your car is equipped with ABS, you may be startled by vibrations and strange sounds from the brake pedal when you step on it suddenly. Don’t wait for an emergency to occur. When it’s raining, look for slippery, completely empty roads or empty parking lots and apply the brakes as hard as you can until the ABS works, so you know how it feels. You can also do this with a regular brake system to see if the braking is balanced enough and doesn’t pull to one side.
- Do various safe fuel efficiency tricks, such as lifting your foot on the gas pedal first and letting the car slide before you hit the brakes when you are about to turn.
- Turn off the car engine if you stop or pull over for more than 1 minute, because the car engine running on silent for 3 minutes is the same as a car engine traveling 1 hour at an average speed of 50 km / h.
- Do not use cell phones while driving. Research has found that using a cell phone while driving increases the risk of an accident by four times. The risk does not change even when using hands-free. Keep your eyesight at night. Do not stare at the headlights of a car from the opposite direction. If you feel disturbed, focus your eyes on the left shoulder of the road.
- Try to get enough sleep. Don’t drive when you are tired, sleepy under the control of drinks or drugs etc. Don’t drive when you’re sleepy. If the eye tends to fixate on one point, this is a danger sign. Immediately stop the vehicle as soon as you find a safe area and try to rest for a few minutes.