The soaring price of beef in the market at certain times such as before the holidays, fasting and other holidays is used as an opportunity to make a profit for some irresponsible parties. that is, they mix wild boar or wild boar meat into beef. Wild boars or wild boars have a low price because these animals are considered pests for farmers around the forest and make them game animals, unlike cattle pigs that are deliberately bred. However, most beef will be mixed with cheap wild boar meat (because wild boar is a pest) and rarely mixed with pork even though the case still exists, because pork has a higher economic value than wild boar meat. So that these irresponsible parties or individuals will mix wild boar meat into beef to get excess profit.
At first glance, wild boar meat and beef are difficult to distinguish, especially some irresponsible people who are getting better at disguising wild boar meat, hopefully they are exactly the same and difficult to identify. Their mode is that they will slice into small pieces (so as not to recognize the texture and fiber of the meat) and also soak them in the blood of the cows to fool the smell of the boar so that the boar meat will resemble beef when it is mixed with other original beef.
Wild boar meat is recorded as being illegally supplied from several areas in Sumatra, such as Lampung and South Sumatra. Boar meat is also potentially unhealthy, because the cutting process is not done properly. It’s usually a game or catch wild boar. Imagine, after being shot, the wild boar was not directly slaughtered. The slaughtering process is also confirmed not according to the correct mechanism because the blood in the meat is not drained so that there are still many germs or bacteria in it. It is different when the pigs are slaughtered at the Slaughterhouse (RPH), which has gone through the correct mechanism.
Difference between pig and wild boar
Boars are generally known as wild boars, which are the ancestors of wild pigs which were then bred little by little and became cattle pigs as we see today. The distribution area is in the forests of Central Europe, the Mediterranean including the Atlas Mountains in Central Africa and most of Asia to the southernmost part of Indonesia. It belongs to the family Suidae which includes the warthog and bushpig in Africa, the pygmy pig in northern India, and the babirusa in Indonesia.
The general public calls wild boars for wild boars. Wild boars are usually found in forests with less attractive colors and are often used as game animals. Generally, wild boars are smaller than pigs. So, pigs are still in the same family as wild boars, the only difference is that pigs are wild boars that have been tame and are bred in general, while wild boars or wild boars are pigs that live wild in forests or plantations. It’s the same with native chickens and broilers.
Distinguishing beef from wild boar / wild boar
Now for those of you who are Muslim or for those of you who don’t like wild boar or wild boar meat, there are some tips that you can use to distinguish original beef from wild boar or wild boar meat, namely by:
1. Look at the color of the flesh
Pork has a paler color than beef, the color of pork is close to the color of chicken meat. However, this difference cannot be taken into account, because the color of mixed pork is usually camouflaged by smearing cow’s blood, although this camouflage can be removed by soaking it in water. In addition, there are certain pieces of pork whose color is so similar to beef that it is very difficult to tell them apart.
2. The fiber of pork and beef is different
The difference is clearly visible between the two meats. In beef, the meat fibers appear dense and the fiber lines are clearly visible. While in pork, the fibers look faint and very tenuous. This difference is made clearer when the two meats are stretched together.
3. The fat of wild boar and beef is different
The difference is in the level of elasticity. Pork has a more pliable texture of fat while beef fat is more rigid and shaped. In addition, the fat in pork is very watery and difficult to remove from the meat, while the fat in the meat is a bit dry and looks fibrous. However, we must also be careful that in certain parts such as kidneys, the appearance of pork fat is almost similar to beef fat.
4. Texture of beef vs wild boar
Beef has a stiffer and denser texture than pork, which is mushy and easy to stretch. Through this difference, actually when we hold it, we can already feel a concrete difference between the two because it feels like pork is very chewy and easy to “biye” right. While the beef feels solid and hard so it is quite difficult to stretch.
5. The distinctive smell is the difference between beef and pork
There is a slight difference between the two. Pork has its own distinctive aroma, while the aroma of beef is rancid as we all know. In terms of smell, this is actually the most powerful weapon to distinguish between these two meats. Because even though the color has been camouflaged and mixed between the two, the aroma of the two meats can still be distinguished. Unfortunately, the ability to distinguish through aroma requires repeated practice because the difference is not too significant.
6. Pay attention to the general characteristics
In general, the characteristics of beef cattle and wild boar (boar) are similar to each other, while pork has quite a lot of differences with beef. But when the two types of meat have been mixed, especially after being camouflaged with cow blood, the two (pork and beef) become very difficult to distinguish.
The sale of mixed pork is an illegal event, so usually this meat is not displayed on the sales table. This meat is usually issued when a buyer asks, “Is there cheap meat, sir?” so we deserve to be suspicious if there are sellers who sell meat at “slanted” prices. Another characteristic is the location of the sale which is usually in a dark place and quite separate from the others so that the meat does not become the center of attention of the crowd.
The difference between beef meatballs and pork meatballs
Indeed, at first glance it is difficult to distinguish. Especially if it has been processed into meatballs. In terms of color, wild boar meat is darker while beef is bright because at the time of cutting it is drained (bleeding out). Boar meat is usually cut into small pieces and has a finer fiber. Meanwhile, the beef is cut into large pieces with coarser fibers. Boar meat smells better when it is made into meatballs, wild boar meat is darker in color, different from meatballs from beef.