How to Create a Complete, Good & Correct Bibliography

How to create a good and correct bibliography – As we know, bibliography is usually used as an attachment to a paper, thesis, final assignment, thesis, scientific work, journal, research, official writing or other academic writing. There are so many meanings about what a bibliography is, there will be different understandings between one source and another, but if you look at it and take it basically, the bibliography is a list that contains reading sources that are used as sample material in creating a scientific work such as Thesis, Papers , Final Projects, Reports, Theses and other research. The purpose of making this bibliography is to appreciate the sources of writing. In addition to appreciating the work of others, this bibliography is a credible example, can be justified and can be used as a comparison between one source and another.

In the world of academia, education or other formal events, writing is certainly not familiar with the term bibliography, but to make it may not be as easy as it sounds. Making a bibliography may seem trivial and easy, but to create a good and correct bibliography, of course, we need knowledge and things to pay attention to because this is official or formal. Giving punctuation marks such as periods, commas, brackets, and the like is one of the small things but needs to be considered in writing a good and correct bibliography.

Now on this occasion it will be specific to discuss everything about a complete bibliography, here are some explanations on how to make a good and correct bibliography as quoted from several well-known and popular educational sites:

Definition of Bibliography
Bibliography is an official list that is specifically listed from various media such as journals, scientific works, books, internet, electronic media and other credible sources that are used as reference sources and examples of reading in writing papers, journals, theses, final assignments and formal writings. in general.

Bibliography Function
a. As one way to show the various references that are affiliated for the reader to carry out a follow-up study or review related to the theme of the book.
b. As a form of appreciation for the author, both the author of books and papers for his work, who have shown the benefits and roles of writing a book or paper.
c. As information about the retrieval of material and data from a writing taken from a credible or trusted source.
d. As a form of comparison between one source with another.

Bibliography Role
a. As an illustration of the source of the obtained strokes
b. As a review of the discourse of knowledge, experience, and even the responsibility of the author of the reference book
c. To anticipate accusations of intellectual plagiarism

Writing a bibliography taken from the book, the things or elements that need to be considered are:

a. Author’s name followed by a period (.)
b. Year of publication followed by a period (.)
c. The title of the book is written in italics followed by a period (.)
d. City of issue followed by a colon (:)
e. The name of the issuing company followed by a period (.)
f. The elements listed above must be listed in sequence according to their number.

Example :
Ronald Sugieto. 2009. Between Philosophy of Law & Its Truth. Yogyakarta: Scholastic Library.
Revelation, Angga. 2022. Learn Ubuntu From The Basics. Pati : Gramedia
Saputra, Agus. 2022. Project to Create Advertising Website With PHP. Cirebon: Creative Light
Isnawan, Norma. How to Quickly Find a Match. Semarang: Gramedia.

Other things to note:
a. Write the author’s name in alphabetical order (AZ).
b. If the author’s name is the same but the title of the book is different, then under the name are marked with a long line as much as 10 while sorting the old year to the newer year.
Example: Ronald Sugieto. 2009. Between Philosophy of Law & Its Truth. Yogyakarta: Scholastic Library.
______. 2010. International law. Yogyakarta: Scholastic Library.
c. If you get a book with two authors, the names of the two authors are all written down.
Example: Suharsimi Arikunto and Cepi Safruddin Abdul Jabar. 2010. Evaluation of Educational Programs. Jakarta: Earth Literacy.
d. If the names of the authors are many (more than one person), then the main authors listed are then given a comma and followed by et al (and friends).
Example: Zuhdi, et al. 2008. How to Write a Book. Malang: Rena Press.
e. If the author of the book is a foreigner, then the writing of the name is reversed and followed by a comma. This is because abnormal names put their own names behind their surnames or surnames.
Example: Harrison, P. 1987. The Greening of Africa. Penguin Books: New York.

Writing Bibliography taken from Research
In writing a bibliography, other sources can be taken from research (journals, theses, theses, etc.) almost the same as writing taken from books. However, the difference lies in adding the type of research followed by brackets. The elements used and need to be considered are:

a. Author’s name followed by a period (.)
b. Year of publication followed by a period (.)
c. The title of the study is written in italics (italics) and the type of research is added followed by brackets and then a period (.)
d. City of issue followed by a colon (:)
e. College name followed by a period (.)

Example: Iffah Mardiyati. 2011. The Influence of Motivation and Competence on Teacher Performance in Mediation of School Commitment Case Studies in State Vocational High Schools in Pati District (Thesis). Semarang: STIKUBANK University.

Writing Bibliography taken from Articles
The article in question can be taken from the internet or magazines or other print media. For articles from Magazine, the elements used are:

a. Author’s name followed by a period (.)
b. Year of publication followed by a period (.)
c. The title of the article is written in italics followed by the word in the magazine
d. Followed by the name of the Print Media in italics, complete edition with date, month and year followed by a period (.)

Example: Djaali. 2007. Improving the Quality of National Education Through the Certification Program in the July 2007 BSNP Bulletin Magazine.

For articles from the Internet the elements used are:

a. Author’s name followed by a period (.)
b. Year of publication followed by a period (.)
c. The title of the article is written in italics followed by a period (.)
d. Complete website address with date, month, year and time of access or download followed by a period (.)

Example: Ahmad Syaifudin. 2022. Things That Need To Be Considered In Making Papers. https://androidtutorialweek.blogspot.com//search?q=things-that-yang-need-noted-in, July 14, 2022.

Addition:
a. If the bibliography is not found, then
– Name changed to anonymous or Anonymous
– Year replaced with no year
b. It’s a good idea to keep the bibliography separate from books and the internet or print media.
c. Degree is not included in the writing of the bibliography

Example of a Newspaper Source Bibliography:
Dimas December 16, 2022. Important Things In Writing Bibliography. Suara Merdekapp. 5 & 6.

Example of Bibliography Source Dictionary / Encyclopedia:
David-Margaret, D. 1992. Mentasy disorders and their treatment. The New Encyclopedia Britannica. Encylopedia Britannica 255: 750-758.

Examples of bibliography from Journals or journals or online Journals (E-Journals), things to note:

1. Write first the last name/family/surname then the author’s first name. If there is more than one author, the author’s name is separated by a comma or the conjunction “and”.
2. Then write the year the journal was published.
3. Include the journal title in italics or bold.
4. Then write the name of the publisher.
5. Journal edition or volume.
6. If there is, include the page.
7. URL Address
8. Date and time when accessing the journal.

Example:

  1. Nugraha, Aria. 2022. Procedure for Writing Bibliography from the Correct Journal. Indonesian Journal, 4(3):12-17. http://www.KelasIndonesia.com/page/article/?act/detil/aid/42. (Accessed July 27, 2022 at 20.00 WIB.)
  2. R. Muhammad. 1978. Improving Students’ Writing Skills with the Diary Writing Method. Collection of Indonesian Scientific Journals Online, Vol. 4, No.7. http://www.KelasIndonesia.com/page/article/?act/detil/aid/42. (Accessed on July 1, 2022)

If there is more than one author
Nugraha. A, and Ichwan. C. 1998. Learn Indonesian properly and correctly. Indonesian Journal Online, 5 (7): 67-70. http://www.KelasIndonesia.com/page/article/?act/detil/aid/42. (Accessed 29 July 2022, 20.00 WIB)

Print journal
Writing bibliography comes from print journals the same as online journals. However, it does not include the URL address and access date.

Example:
Nugraha Aria. 2022. How to Write a Correct Bibliography. Journal of Education, 5 (12): 12-15.
Munandar, Kharis. 2022. The Effect of Reading on Students’ Writing Ability. Journal of Scientific Education, vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 124-126.

Now, here is the understanding of the material taken or data and how to write it down in a good and correct bibliography.

Data
Title: Variety of Indonesian Book Languages
Published Year: 2010
Publisher : Ganesha
Author : Ramon S. Parmadi, SH
Place of Publication: Bandung

Writing
S. Parmadi, Ramon. 2010.Variety of Indonesian Book Languages.Bandung: Ganesha

Data
Title : Theory of Fiction Studies
Published Year: 2004
Publisher : Gajah Mada Press
Author : Burhan Nugiantoro
Place of Publication: Yogyakarta

Title : Poetry Study
Published Year : 2002
Publisher : Gajah Mada Press
Author : Burhan Nugiantoro
Place of Publication: Yogyakarta

Writing
Nugiantoro, Burhan. 2002.(a)Poetry Study.Yogyakarta:Elephant Mada Press
Nugiantoro, Burhan. 2002.(b)Fiction Study Theory.Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada Press

Data
Title : To My Son
Issued Year : 1935
Publisher : Mega Spread (Magazine)
Author: Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana

Writing
Alisjahbana, Sutan Fate.“To My Son”.in Mega Scatter.1935

Data
Title : Gadget Price
Issued Year: 2022
Website : www.reviewane.co
Author : Ikhsan Sabur

Writing
Sabur, Ikhsan.“Gadgets Price”.in www.reviewane.co.2022

Example of writing a complete bibliography

  1. Alisjahbana, Sutan Fate.“To My Son”.in Mega Scatter.1935
  2. Nugiantoro, Burhan. 2002.(a)Poetry Study.Yogyakarta:Elephant Mada Press
  3. Nugiantoro, Burhan. 2002.(b)Theory of Fiction Studies.Yogyakarta:Elephant Mada Press
  4. S. Parmadi, Ramon. 2010.Variety of Indonesian Book Languages.Bandung: Ganesha
  5. Sabur, Ikhsan.“Gadgets Price”.in www.reviewane.co.2022

So, those are some complete explanations about how to make a good and correct bibliography, if you have additions, suggestions, input or criticism, please add them in the comments box provided. Your input will be very useful for thousands of readers of this blog, thank you.