When the change in current issues and the current issue of rain, there will usually be various mosquitoes entering our homes. Because at that time mosquitoes reproduce and start laying eggs. They will lay their eggs in puddles such as unused water, sewers, rainwater in containers around the house, water reservoirs, etc. As quoted from the Indonesian Wikipedia website, mosquitoes are blood-sucking insects belonging to the order Diptera, there are about 35 genera belonging to 2700 species. Mosquitoes have two scaly wings, a slender body, and six long legs; between species varies but rarely exceeds 15 mm in body length. From several species of mosquitoes, some of them are proven to be able to transmit the diseases they carry to the bodies of the animals or humans they bite.
Some mosquitoes can spread protozoan diseases such as malaria, filarial diseases such as elephantiasis, and viral diseases such as yellow fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, encephalitis, and West Nile virus. Some references to the types of mosquitoes that spread the disease are as follows:
Anopheles gambiae is the most popular because of its role as a spreader of the malaria parasite
Aedes aegypti is a type of mosquito that can carry the dengue virus that causes dengue fever. Besides dengue, A. aegypti is also a carrier of the yellow fever, chikungunya, and Zika fever viruses caused by the Zika virus.
This type of filariasis (elephantiasis) is caused by Mansonella perstans and Mansonella ozzardi, which inhabit the abdominal cavity. All these parasites are spread by mosquitoes or blood-sucking flies.
There are so many diseases that are spread by mosquito bites so it is very important to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home. Indeed, various sprays (mosquito repellent spray) or lotions are circulating in the market as mosquito repellents and repellents. however, of the many mosquito repellent products on the market, many contain the toxic chemical DEET (diethyl-m-toluamide). Now to protect the safety of using mosquito repellent and repellent products, you need to try natural ingredients that are proven to repel mosquitoes but are safe to use. Here I will share a few tips on creating and using natural materials for natural mosquito repellents and repellents.
Natural Plant Repellent & Mosquito Repellent
There are several plants that are proven to be able to ward off mosquitoes, try planting the following types of plants or use their juices to ward off mosquito bites so that your home is free from these blood-sucking insects. Some of these plants are:
- Citronella/Citronella Oil
Natural ingredients for mosquito repellent and repellent
Mosquito repellent & repellent 1
- Lemon oil
- Eucalyptus oil/ can use sunflower oil or witch hazel
Mix lemon, eucalyptus or sunflower seed oil / witch hazel in a 1:1 ratio. Rub or spray on skin. This natural ingredient can ward off your skin from mosquito bites.
Mosquito repellent & repellent 2
- 15 drops lavender essential oil
- 3-4 tbsp vanilla extract
- 3-4 tablespoons of distilled lemon juice
Pour the 3 ingredients in a mosquito repellent spray bottle and stir. Spray on the skin, clothes or rooms in your house then this will prevent mosquitoes from approaching you and your house.
Mosquito repellent & repellent 3
- alcohol 3.5 tbsp
- baby oil 3.5 tbsp or other type of oil (almond, sesame, chamomile, lavender, fennel etc.)
Mix baby oil or other essential oil in alcohol and let it soak for four days, stirring every morning and evening. After 4 days, strain the alcohol into a spray bottle and spray onto skin or clothes
Mosquito repellent & repellent 4
- 6 tbsp oz witch hazel
- 2 tbsp castor oil
- 5 drops of good wood
- 15 drops of eucalyptus oil
- 15 drops lemongrass oil
Mix all ingredients in a spray bottle making sure to shake well before use.