As we know that certain insects can carry and cause disease. In addition, several types of insects can also contaminate and contaminate the food in our kitchen. Not to mention their bites which sometimes cause swelling, allergies and itching. So here are some types of insects that can become disease-carrying animals or transmit disease:
- Like flies that are proven to cause various digestive diseases such as dysentery, cholera, typhoid, diarrhea and certain viruses.
- Mosquitoes can cause several diseases such as dengue fever, malaria, chikunguya (elephant foot disease), yellow fever etc.
- Cockroaches can cause typhoid, toxoplasma, dysentery, SARS etc.
Fortunately, there are a lot of natural materials or plants that are widely available around our homes that can be used as an antidote, repellent and even to kill various kinds of insects. The use of natural materials to repel and ward off insects is definitely safer to use because it does not use chemicals so it is safe for family members and your pets. Manufacturers’ products on the market to kill insects mostly contain the toxic chemical DEET (diethyl-m-toluamide) which is certainly not safe if inhaled let alone swallowed. Well, here are a lot of plants or natural materials that repel lots of insects that are widely available around our homes, some of them just refuse, antidote and some of them are toxic to insects:
Natural Plants & Materials Insect Repellents
There are many preparations from natural sources that have been used as certain insect repellents. Some of these act as insecticides while others are simply repellents.
- Achillea alpina (sunflower species) yarrow china / Siberia (useful to ward off and repel mosquitoes)
- Basil (Pasi, tlasih, basil, or basilicum (Ocimum) Mosquito repellent
- Callicarpa americana (American beautyberry) is a shrub native to the Southern United States that is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and yards. American beautyberries produce purple fruit that birds and deer love. (mosquito repellent)
- Breadfruit / Breadfruit / Keluwih is the name of a type of tree that bears fruit. Breadfruit has no seeds and has a soft part, which is like bread after being cooked or fried. Because of this, Europeans know it as the “fruit of bread” / Breadfruit (repels many insects, including mosquitoes).
- Champor / Camphor (camphor) is a solid substance in the form of a white and slightly transparent wax with a distinctive and strong aroma. This substance is a terpenoid with the chemical formula C10H16O. This substance is found in the wood of the camphor laurel tree (Cinnamomum camphora), a large tree found in Asia, especially in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Taiwan, as well as the Dryobalanops aromatica tree, a large tree that grows in the forests of Borneo. (repels moths, fleas, mosquitoes, ants, cockroaches)
- Castor oil / castor oil (Ricinus communis) is a vegetable oil obtained from the extraction of the seeds of the castor plant (Ricinus communis). In the pharmaceutical field it is also known as castor oil. (a natural mosquito repellent) Oil of catnip (Nepeta cataria), commonly known as catnip, catswort, or catmint, is a species of the genus Nepeta in the family Lamiaceae, a plant native to southern and eastern Europe, the Middle East, central Asia, and parts of the world. China. It is also widely known to be friendly in northern Europe, New Zealand, and North America. The main name of catmint can also refer to the genus as a whole. The names catnip and catmint come from the intense attitude most cats have towards them. Nepetalactone is a fly and mosquito repellent. The oil separated from catnip by steam distillation is a repellent against insects, particularly mosquitoes, cockroaches and termites.
- Cedar oil, also known as cedarwood oil, is an essential oil derived from various types of conifers, most of which are in the pine or spruce botanical family. It is produced from the leaves, and sometimes the wood, roots, and stumps that have been left after cutting the tree for wood extraction. It has many uses in medicine, art, industry and perfumery, and while the characteristics of oils from different species may themselves vary, all have some degree of bactericidal and pesticide effect. (mosquito repellent, moth)
- Celery extract / celery extract (Apium graveolens) is a leaf vegetable and medicinal plant commonly used as a cooking spice. Several countries including Japan, China and Korea use the leaf stalk as a food ingredient. In Indonesia this plant was introduced by the Dutch colonialists and used its leaves to make soup or as a salad. (Mosquito repellent in clinical trials testing celery extract was shown to be as effective as 25% DEET).
- Cinnamon is a type of spice obtained from the inner bark of several species of trees of the genus Cinnamomum which are used for elegant and delicious dishes. (leaf oil kills mosquito larvae)
- Citronella Oil / citronella oil is well known as a natural mosquito repellent and has been verified by research, effective in repelling Aedes aegypti (dengue fever mosquito). Research also says that citronella oil is an effective repellent against body lice, head lice, and flies. A study conducted by ARPA in 1963 determined that hydroxycitronellal was an effective repellent against water and land leeches.
- Clove oil is clear yellowish in color. Clove oil or clove oil is an essential oil produced from the distillation of parts of the clove plant, especially clove leaves and flowers. (mosquito repellent and repellent)
- Eucalyptus oil is the generic name for the oil distilled from eucalyptus leaves, a genus of the plant family Myrtaceae native to Australia and cultivated worldwide. Eucalyptus oil has a history of wide application, as pharmaceutical, antiseptic, medicinal, aroma, fragrance and industrial. (70% + eucalyptol), (cineol is a synonym as a repellent and repellent for mosquitoes, flies, dust mites)
- Garlic is the name of a plant from the genus Allium as well as the name of the tuber produced. It has a history of use by humans for more than 7,000 years, mainly grown in Central Asia, and has long been a culinary ingredient in the area around the Mediterranean, as well as a common spice in Asia, Africa, and Europe. (Allium sativum) (Mosquito repellent and repellent, rice beetle, wheat flour beetle)
- Lavender or lavender or Lavandula is a genus of flowering plants in the Lamiaceae family which has 25-30 species. The origin of this plant is from the southern Mediterranean region to tropical Africa and east to India. This genus includes perennials, grasses, short shrubs, and small shrubs. Lemon eucalyptus (Corymbia citriodora) essential oil and the active ingredient p-mentane-3,8-diol (PMD) as a mosquito repellent
- Oleic acid or Z-Δ9-octadecenoic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid found in olive oil. In addition to olive oil, there is also palm industrial waste, namely palm mud. This acid is composed of 18 C atoms with one double bond between the 9th and 10th C atoms. In addition to olive oil (55-80%), these fatty acids are also found in certain cultivars of sunflower oil, raps oil, and grapeseed oil. Bee and ant repellent.
- Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) (Mosquito repellent)
- Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) / Rosmarin is a plant that produces spices and cooking spices with the same name. By today’s Indonesian generation, who do not know the name of this spice in Dutch, it is better known by its English name, rosemary. Rosmarin is commonly used in Mediterranean cuisine, such as Italian, Greek/Turkish cuisine, and the Levantia region. (mosquito repellent and repellent)